15.18. Map Functions and Operators

Subscript Operator: []

The [] operator is used to retrieve the value corresponding to a given key from a map:

SELECT name_to_age_map['Bob'] AS bob_age;

Map Functions

cardinality(x) → bigint

Returns the cardinality (size) of the map x.

element_at(map<K, V>, key) → V

Returns value for given key, or NULL if the key is not contained in the map.

map() → map<unknown, unknown>

Returns an empty map.

SELECT map(); -- {}
map(array<K>, array<V>) → map<K,V>

Returns a map created using the given key/value arrays.

SELECT map(ARRAY[1,3], ARRAY[2,4]); -- {1 -> 2, 3 -> 4}

See also map_agg() and multimap_agg() for creating a map as an aggregation.

map_concat(x<K, V>, y<K, V>) → map<K,V>

Returns the union of two maps. If a key is found in both x and y, that key’s value in the resulting map comes from y.

map_filter(map<K, V>, function) → map<K,V>

See map_filter().

transform_keys(map<K1, V>, function) → MAP<K2,V>

See transform_keys().

transform_values(map<K, V1>, function) → MAP<K,V2>

See transform_values().

map_keys(x<K, V>) → array<K>

Returns all the keys in the map x.

map_values(x<K, V>) → array<V>

Returns all the values in the map x.