14.7. Decimal Functions and Operators
Decimal Literals
Use DECIMAL 'xxxxxxx.yyyyyyy' syntax to define literal of DECIMAL type.
The precision of DECIMAL type for literal will be equal to number of digits in literal (including trailing and leading zeros). The scale will be equal to number of digits in fractional part (including trailing zeros).
Example literal  Data type 

DECIMAL '0'  DECIMAL(1) 
DECIMAL '12345'  DECIMAL(5) 
DECIMAL '0000012345.1234500000'  DECIMAL(20, 10) 
Binary Arithmetic Decimal Operators
Standard mathematical operators are supported. The table below explains precision and scale calculation rules for result. Assuming x is of type DECIMAL(xp, xs) and y is of type DECIMAL(yp, ys).
Operation  Result type precision  Result type scale 
x + y and x  y 
min(38,
1 +
min(xs, ys) +
min(xp  xs, yp  ys)
)

max(xs, ys) 
x * y  min(38, xp + yp)  xs + ys 
x / y  min(38,
xp + ys
+ max(0, ysxs)
)

max(xs, ys) 
x % y  min(xp  xs, yp  ys) +
max(xs, bs)

max(xs, ys) 
Arithmetic operators will fail in runtime if actual result does not fit result type.
Comparison Operators
All standard comparison operators and BETWEEN operator work for DECIMAL type.
Unary Decimal Operators
The  operator performs negation. The type of result is same as type of argument.